Draft Law No. 991 on the introduction of the right to a bank account

Draft Law No. 991 on the introduction of the right to a bank account, tabled in public session on 3 April 2019, follows the law proposal No. 232 adopted on 24 October 2017.

The text provides for the right to the opening of a deposit account with the Monegasque credit institutions listed by ministerial decree (and not any credit institution), for the following persons:

  • Natural person of Monegasque nationality;
  • Natural person domiciled or in the process of being set up at Monaco;
  • Legal entity domiciled or in the process of being set up in Monaco;
  • Financial agent appointed by the candidate (s) for an election for the purposes related to the performance of the assigned tasks.

In addition, the text establishes for natural persons exercising a professional, craft, commercial or industrial activity and public limited companies, in the form of a general partnership, a simple partnership, a partnership limited by shares or with limited liability the obligation to open a deposit account for the exercise of their professional activity in a credit institution established in Monaco.

The proposed right to a bank account includes access to the following basic banking services:

  • Opening, holding and closing of the account;
  • One change of address per year;
  • Issue of bank statement, on request;
  • Domiciliation of bank transfers;
  • Monthly statement of transactions made on the account;
  • Realisation of cash transactions;
  • Cashing of checks and bank transfers;
  • Cash deposits and withdrawals at the counter and cash machines;
  • Payments by direct debit, interbank payment or bank transfer;
  • Means of remote consultation of the account balance, when the credit institution usually offers such services to its customers;
  • Payment card for which each use is authorized by the credit institution which issued it;
  • Two forms of bank checks per month, or equivalent means of payment offering the same services.

 

CHAPTER I – RIGHT TO OPEN AN ACCOUNT

Article 1 – Principle

Article 2 – Targeted persons, basic banking services, compliance with the legislation in force, in particular fight against money laundering, terrorist financing and corruption

Article 3 – Conditions for the exercise of the right to open a deposit account

Article 4 – Cases of natural persons acting in the course of their professional activity or as financial agent

Article 5 – Cases of natural persons acting for their personal needs who have been the subject of an over-indebtedness procedure, or in a precarious financial situation

Article 6 – Account opening period

Article 7 – Grounds for rejection by the credit institution of the request to open an account

Article 8 – Communication of the refusal grounds to the petitioner

Article 9 – Reasons for unilateral termination by the credit institution

Article 10 – Notification of unilateral termination

Article 11 – Applicants who were the subject of an account termination because of a conviction for one of the offenses listed in Article 7

Article 12 – Conditions of application set by Sovereign Ordinance

CHAPTER II – OBLIGATION TO OPEN AN ACCOUNT

Article 13 – Natural and legal persons obliged to open an account

 

 
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