The Justice System of the Principality of Monaco

 

 
Courts of first instance
 
 
Competences

            Justice de paix

       (Justice of the Peace)

 
Juge de paix

(Judge of the Peace)

 
 
 
 
 
Claims of up to € 4 600
 
Disputes concerning the election of employee representatives 
 
Seals procedure
 
Payment orders
 
Personal and possessory actions
 
Attachment of wages, earnings and arrears
 
 
 Tribunal de simple police
 
(Police Court)
 
 
Criminal offences that constitute infringements and that are punishable by a maximum imprisonment of six days and / or a fine of less than € 600
 
 
     Tribunal de première instance
 
     (Court of First Instance)
 
 
Tribunal de première instance
 
(Court of First Instance)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Civil and commercial cases which, because of their nature or value, fall outside the jurisdiction of the Justice of the Peace
 
Lawsuits relating to bankruptcy
 
Ordinary Court in administrative matters: cases other than those which are expressly reserved to the Supreme Court or another Court by the Constitution or Law (responsibility of State and public authorities)
 
Expropriation procedures for a property that is, according to Law, necessary for performance of a work in the public interest, and other related claims
 
Lawsuits relating to the Prince’s domain 
 
Lawsuits relating to the fees and charges of barristers, lawyers, solicitors, court clerks and bailiffs
 
 
Tribunal correctionnel
 
(Criminal Court)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Minor offences where closely connected with a more serious offence 
 
Violations of the law categorized as criminal offences and that are punishable by a maximum imprisonment of five years and a maximum fine of  € 90 000

Crimes committed by minors (who are not being prosecuted at the same time as adults)

 
Juge d’instruction
 
(Investigating Judge)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investigation of criminal offences,  establishment of the circumstances in which the offence was committed and identification of the alleged perpetrators

If there is sufficient evidence against the parties concerned, charging them and sending them before the Court which will hear the case

 
Juge tutélaire
 
(Tutelary Judge)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Protection of minors and incapacitated adults 
 
Adoptions
 
In case of divorce or separation: exercise of parental authority, visitation rights, residence, contributions to the care and education of the child
 
 
Juge chargé des accidents du travail
 
 
(Judge for the accidents at work)
 
 
Disputes between the victim of an accident at work, that person’s representatives and legal beneficiaries, and the employer’s insurance company or the employer itself
 
 
Juge conciliateur en matière de divorce ou de séparation de corps
 
(Conciliation Judge in divorce or separation proceedings)
 
 
Conciliation

If this approach is unsuccessful, the Judge issues a non-conciliation order and authorizes the plaintiff to file for divorce or separation before the Court of First Instance

 
Juge des requêtes
 
(Motions Judge)
 
 
Order issued on application, i.e. without the other party having been heard 
 
 
Juge des référés
 
(Judge for the imposition of interim measures)
 
 
Provisional measures in urgent cases, in all matters  
 
 
 
Juge de l’application des peines
 
(Judge for the execution of criminal sentences)
 
 
Follow-up of the execution of criminal sentences
 
 
Juge-commissaire en matière de faillite
 
(Bankruptcy Judge)
 
 
Follow-up of the (collective) insolvency proceedings for the wiping up of debts
 
Juge chargé du contrôle des expertises
 
(Judge responsible for overseeing expert reports)
 
 
Follow-up and control of expert processes decided by the Motions Judge or the Court of First Instance

Tribunal du travail

(Labour Court)

 
Tribunal du travail
 
(Labour Court)
 
 
 
Juge des référés
 
(Judge for the imposition of interim measures)
 
 
 
 

 

Disputes concerning the execution or breach of employment contracts
 

 
Provisional and protective measures in urgent cases in individual labour conflict situations  
 

Cour supérieure d’arbitrage

(High Court of Arbitration)

 
 Collective labour disputes

Commission arbitrale des loyers

(Arbitration Commission for rents)

 
Disputes between tenants and landlords concerning the amount of rent payable in respect of leases or the renewal of leases for certain premises for residential use built or completed before 1 September 1947  
 

Commission arbitrale des loyers commerciaux

(Arbitration Commission on commercial leases)

 
Disputes between tenants and landlords concerning the conditions for the renewal and review of commercial leases
 

Tribunal criminel

(Criminal Court)

 

 
Crimes committed by adults 
 
Crimes committed by minors with the participation of an adult  
 

 

 
 Courts of Appeal
 
Competences

Tribunal de première instance

(Court of First Instance)

Tribunal de première instance

(Court of First Instance)

 
 
 
Tribunal correctionnel
 
(Criminal Court)
 

 

 

Appeal against judgments rendered at first instance by the Justice of the Peace  
 
Appeal against arbitration awards in civil and commercial matters 
 
Appeal against judgments which are expressly reserved to the Court of First Instance by law
 
 
Appeal against judgments rendered by the Police Court   
 

Cour d’appel

(Court of Appeal)

Cour d’appel
 
(Court of Appeal)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chambre du conseil
de la Cour d’appel
 
(Council Chamber of the Court of Appeal)
 
Appeal against judgments rendered at first instance by:
 
-       the Court of First Instance (Tribunal de première instance)
 
-       the Labour Court (Tribunal du travail)
 
-       the Arbitration Commission for rents (Commission arbitrale des loyers
 
-       the Arbitration Commission on commercial leases (Commission arbitrale des loyers commerciaux)
 
-       the Criminal Court (Tribunal correctionnel)
 
 
Appeal against orders rendered by the Motions Judge (Juge des requêtes), the Tutelary Judge (Juge tutélaire) and the Investigating Judge (Juge d’instruction)
 
Appeal against judgments rendered by the Council Chamber of the Court of First Instance  
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Court of Cassation and Review
 
Competences

Cour de révision

(Court of Review)

 
Appeal against judgments rendered by the Court of First Instance ruling in appeal
 
Appeal against judgments rendered by the Court of Appeal on all matters  
 
Appeal against judgments rendered by the Judge of the Peace
 
Appeal against judgments rendered by the Criminal Court (Tribunal correctionnel) ruling in appeal
 
 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Constitutional and Administrative Supreme Court
 
Competences

Tribunal suprême

(Supreme Court)

 
Application for annulment, rulings on validity and indemnification of infringements of the rights and freedoms set forth in the Title III of the Constitution  
 
Application for annulment of ultra vires administrative decision  
 
Application for interpretation, rulings on validity of decisions of administrative bodies and sovereign orders implementing laws
 
 

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